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Viread. 245 mg. 30 tablets View full size

Viread. 245 mg. 30 tablets

Viread contains the active substance tenofovir disoproxil. This active substance is an antiviral agent, or an antiviral drug that is used for the treatment of infection by HIV, or HBV, or both.

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459.00 €

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Viread. 245 mg. 30 tablets

Viread. 245 mg. 30 tablets

 

 

 

 
1. What Viread is and what it is used ?
2 . What you should know before taking Viread?
3 . How to take Viread?
4 . Possible side effects
5 . How to store Viread?
6 . Package Contents and more information
If Viread is prescribed for your child, please note that all information in this leaflet is aimed at your child (in this case , please read " your child / your child / children 'instead of' you / you / you ') .

1. What Viread is and what it is used ?
Viread contains the active substance tenofovir disoproxil . This active substance is an antiviral agent, or an antiviral drug that is used for the treatment of infection by HIV , or HBV, or both. Tenofovir is a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor , generally known as NRTIs , and act by preventing the normal operation of the enzymes ( reverse transcriptase of HIV , hepatitis B DNA polymerase ), which are essential for the virus to reproduce itself . HIV Viread should always be used together with other medicines to treat HIV infection.
Viread tablets 245 mg was used for the treatment of infection by HIV (human immunodeficiency virus ) . The tablets are suitable for:
• adults
• adolescents aged 12 to under 18 years old who have previously been treated with other HIV drugs . In these adolescents , they are no longer fully effective for the development of resistance or lead to side effects .
Viread tablets 245 mg was used to treat chronic hepatitis B, infection with HBV ( hepatitis virus B). The tablets are suitable for:
• adults
• adolescents aged 12 to under 18 years.
Do not have HIV to be treated with Viread for HBV.
This medicine is not a cure for HIV infection. While taking Viread you may still develop infections or other illnesses associated with HIV infection . You can also pass HIV or HBV to others, so it is important to take precautions to avoid infecting others.
2 . What you should know before taking Viread?
Do not take Viread
• If you are allergic to tenofovir , tenofovir disoproxil fumarate or any of the other ingredients of this medicine listed in section 6.
If this applies to you , tell your doctor and do not take Viread.

Warnings and Precautions
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Viread.
• Be careful not to infect other people. Viread does not reduce the risk of transmission of HIV or HBV to others through sexual contact or blood contamination. We must continue to take appropriate precautions to avoid this.
• Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have or have had kidney disease , or if tests have shown problems with your kidneys. Viread should not be administered to adolescents who have kidney problems. Before starting treatment , your doctor may order blood tests to assess kidney function . Viread can affect your kidneys during treatment . Your doctor may order blood tests during treatment to monitor how your kidneys work . If you are elderly , your doctor may advise you to take the tablets less often. Do not reduce your prescribed dose unless your doctor tells you to do so.
Viread is not usually taken with other medicines that can damage your kidneys (see Other medicines and Viread). If this is unavoidable, your doctor will monitor your kidney function once a week.
• Bone problems . In some of the older patients with HIV taking combination antiretroviral therapy may develop a bone disease called osteonecrosis ( death of bone tissue caused by loss of blood supply to the bone) . The length of combination antiretroviral therapy , corticosteroid use , alcohol consumption , severe immunosuppression , higher body mass index may be some of the many risk factors for developing this disease. Signs of osteonecrosis are joint stiffness , aches and pains ( especially of the hip , knee and shoulder) and difficulty in movement. If you notice any of these symptoms please inform your doctor.
Bone problems (sometimes resulting in fractures ) may also occur due to damage to kidney tubule cells ( see section 4 Possible side effects).
• Talk to your doctor if you have had or have liver disease, including hepatitis. The risk of severe and potentially fatal liver complications is increased in patients with liver disease, including chronic hepatitis B or C, treated with antiretroviral drugs. If you have hepatitis B, your doctor will carefully consider what is the best treatment for you. If you have a history of liver disease or chronic hepatitis B, your doctor may order blood tests to monitor the activity of your liver .
• Watch for possible signs of lactic acidosis (excess of lactic acid in the blood ) after taking Viread. Possible signs of lactic acidosis are:
• deep, rapid breathing,
• drowsiness,
• nausea , vomiting and stomach pain .
This rare but serious side effect can lead to enlargement of the liver and sometimes life-threatening. Lactic acidosis occurs more often in women, particularly if they are overweight. If you have liver disease you may also be at an increased risk for developing this condition. During treatment with Viread, your doctor will monitor you closely for any signs of developing lactic acidosis.
• In the treatment of HIV , combination antiretroviral therapies (including Viread) can lead to high blood sugar , blood fat levels ( hyperglycemia ) , changes in body fat, and insulin resistance ( see section 4 Possible side effects).
Tell your doctor if you are diabetic, overweight or have high cholesterol .
• Keep an eye out for infections . If you have advanced HIV infection (AIDS) and other infection is possible when initiating therapy with Viread may develop symptoms of infection and inflammation or worsening symptoms of an existing infection. These symptoms may indicate that improved immune system of the body is fighting infection. Watch for signs of inflammation or infection soon after you start taking Viread. If you notice signs of inflammation or infection, tell your doctor.
In addition to opportunistic infections may also occur and autoimmune disorders (conditions that occur when the immune system attacks healthy tissue of the body) after taking drugs to treat HIV infection. Autoimmune diseases may occur many months after the start of treatment. If you notice any signs of infection or other symptoms such as muscle weakness , weakness beginning in the hands and feet and extending upward to the body , palpitations, tremor or hyperactivity , inform your doctor immediately to seek necessary treatment.
• Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you are over 65 years old. Viread has not been studied in patients over 65 years of age. If you are older and are prescribed Viread, your doctor will monitor you carefully.

Children and adolescents
Viread 245 mg tablets are suitable for:
• infected with HIV- 1 adolescents aged 12 to under 18 years old , weighing at least 35 kg and who have received prior treatment with other medicines for HIV. When these children are no longer fully effective for the development of resistance or lead to side effects .
• HBV infected adolescents aged 12 to under 18 years old , weighing at least 35 kg.

Viread 245 mg tablets are not suitable for the following groups:
• You are infected with HIV- 1 children under 12 years
• There are HBV infected children under 12 years.
For dosage see section 3 How to take Viread.

Other medicines and Viread
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking , have recently taken or might take other medicines.
• Do not stop taking other anti- HIV medicines prescribed by your doctor when you start taking Viread, if you have both HBV and HIV.
• Do not take Viread, if you are already taking other medicines containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. Do not take Viread with medicines containing adefovir dipivoxil (a medicine used to treat chronic hepatitis B).
• It is important to tell your doctor if you take other medicines that can damage your kidneys .

These include:
- Aminoglikozidi , pentamidine or vancomycin ( bacterial infections) , amphotericin B ( for fungal infections), foscarnet , ganciclovir and cidofovir ( for viral infection ) , interleukin -2 (for the treatment of cancer ) , adefovir dipivoxil ( for HBV), tacrolimus ( to suppress the immune system ) .
• Other medicines containing didanosine ( for HIV infection ): Taking Viread with other antiviral medicines that contain didanosine can raise the levels of didanosine in your blood and may reduce the number of CD4 cells. Rarely, inflammation of the pancreas and lactic acidosis (excess of lactic acid in the blood) , which sometimes caused death when taking concomitant medicines containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and didanosine. Your doctor will carefully consider whether to treat you with a combination of tenofovir and didanosine.

Viread with food and drink
Take Viread with food (for example, a meal or a snack) .

Pregnancy and lactation
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, you may be pregnant or planning to become pregnant , ask your doctor or pharmacist before taking this medicine.
• You should not take Viread during pregnancy unless specifically discussed with your doctor. Although there are limited clinical data on the use of Viread in pregnant women, it is not usually used unless absolutely necessary.
• Avoid becoming pregnant while receiving treatment with Viread. You must use an effective method of contraception to avoid pregnancy.
• If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant , ask your doctor about the potential benefits and risks of your antiretroviral therapy to you and your child .
• If during pregnancy you are taking Viread, your doctor may order regular blood tests and other diagnostic tests to monitor the development of your child . In children whose mothers have taken medicines like Viread ( NRTIs ) during pregnancy , the benefits of protection against the virus is greater than the risk of side effects.
• Do not breast-feed during treatment with Viread. This is because the active substance of this medication passes into breast milk .
• If you are a woman infected with HIV or HBV, should not breast-feed, to avoid passing the virus to the baby through breast milk.

Driving and using machines
Viread can cause dizziness . If you feel dizzy while taking Viread, do not drive or ride a bicycle or use any tools or machines.
Viread contains lactose
Tell your doctor before taking Viread, am an intolerance to lactose or other sugars.

3 . How to take Viread?
Always take this medicine exactly as your told your doctor or pharmacist.
If you are not sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

The recommended dose is:
• Adults: 1 tablet daily with food (for example, a meal or a snack) .
• Adolescents aged 12 to under 18 years old , weighing at least 35 kg: 1 tablet daily with food (for example, a meal or a snack) .
If you have particular difficulty swallowing , you may crush the tablet with the tip of a spoon . Mix the powder with about 100 ml ( half a cup ) of water , orange juice or grape juice and drink immediately .
• Always take the dose recommended by your doctor . This ensures full effectiveness of the drug and reduce the risk of developing resistance to the treatment. Do not change your dose unless recommended by your doctor .
• If you are an adult and you have kidney problems, your doctor may advise you to take Viread less frequently.
• If you have HBV, your doctor may offer you an HIV test to see if you have both HBV and HIV.
Refer to the leaflets of the other antiretrovirals for how to take those medicines .

If you take more than the dose of Viread
If you accidentally take too many tablets of Viread, you may have an increased risk of possible side effects of this drug (see section 4 Possible side effects). Seek advice your doctor or the nearest emergency room . Take a bottle of tablets to easily describe what you have taken .
If you forget to take Viread
It is important not to miss a dose of Viread. If you miss a dose , find out how much time has passed from the time when he had to accept it.
• If less than 12 hours than usual for adoption , take it as soon as possible and then take your next dose at the usual time.
• If more than 12 hours from the time you had to take it , do not take the missed dose. Wait and take the next dose at the usual time. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.
If you throw up less than 1 hour after taking Viread, take another tablet . No need to take another tablet if you were sick more than 1 hour after taking Viread.

If you stop taking Viread
Do not stop taking Viread without consulting your doctor. Stopping treatment with Viread may reduce the effectiveness of the treatment recommended by your doctor.
If you have hepatitis B or HIV and hepatitis B ( co ) is especially important not to stop treatment with Viread before checking with your doctor. Blood tests or symptoms in some patients showed worsening of hepatitis after stopping treatment with Viread. After stopping treatment may require blood tests for several months. Patients with advanced liver disease or cirrhosis not recommended to stop the treatment , since in some of them, this could lead to a worsening of hepatitis.
• Discuss with your doctor before you stop taking Viread for any reason , particularly if you have any side effects or you have another illness .
• Tell your doctor immediately if after discontinuation notice any new or unusual symptoms , especially those you associate with your infection with hepatitis B.
• Contact your doctor before you start taking the tablets again Viread.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

4 . Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them .
Possible serious side effects: tell your doctor immediately
• Lactic acidosis ( excess of lactic acid in the blood) is rare ( may affect up to 1 in 1000 patients) but serious side effect that could be life threatening . The following side effects may be signs of lactic acidosis :
• deep, rapid breathing,
• drowsiness,
• nausea , vomiting and stomach pain .
If you think you may have lactic acidosis, contact your doctor immediately .

Other possible serious side effects
The following adverse reactions is uncommon ( may affect up to 1 in every 100 patients):
• abdominal pain caused by inflammation of the pancreas

The following side effects are rare ( may affect up to 1 in 1000 patients):
• inflammation of the kidneys , increased urine output and thirst , damage to kidney tubule cells
• changes in urine and back pain caused by kidney problems, including kidney failure
• a softening of the bones ( with bone pain and sometimes resulting in fractures ) , which may occur due to damage to the kidney tubule cells .
• fatty liver
• Changes in body shape
In the treatment of HIV , combination antiretroviral therapies (including Viread) can change your body shape , by changing the distribution of adipose tissue. May experience a loss of fat from legs, arms and face; accumulation of fat in the abdomen and internal organs , breast enlargement and fatty lumps on the neck ( 'buffalo hump'). The cause of these changes and their long-term effects are not known.
If you think you may have any of these serious side effects, tell your doctor.

The most common side effects
The following side effects are very common (may affect at least 10 in every 100 patients):
• diarrhea , vomiting, nausea, dizziness , rash, feeling faint
Tests may also show:
• reduced levels of phosphate in the blood

Other possible side effects
The following side effects are common ( may affect up to 10 in every 100 patients):
• headache , abdominal pain , fatigue, feeling of abdominal distension , flatulence

Tests may also show:
• have liver problems
The following side effects are uncommon (may affect up to 1 in every 100 patients):
• breakdown of muscle tissue, muscle pain or weakness Tests may also show:
• decrease in blood potassium
• increase in blood creatinine
• problems with pancreas
It is possible to occur breakdown of muscle tissue , softening of the bones ( with bone pain and sometimes resulting in fractures ) , muscle pain, muscle weakness , and decrease in the potassium or phosphate in the blood, which may be due to impairment of kidney tubule cells .

The following side effects are rare ( may affect up to 1 in 1000 patients)





If you get any side effects, tell your doctor or pharmacist.

5 .
Keep out of reach of children.
The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Do not dispose of medications in wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required . These measures will help to protect the environment.
6 . Package Contents and more information

 

 

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Viread. 245 mg. 30 tablets

Viread. 245 mg. 30 tablets

Viread contains the active substance tenofovir disoproxil. This active substance is an antiviral agent, or an antiviral drug that is used for the treatment of infection by HIV, or HBV, or both.

Write your review